Chapter 7 Revolutionary War
www.quizlet.com Young Fifth Grade Revolutionary War
Patriot – a colonist who was against British rule and supported independence.
Loyalist – a person who remained loyal to the British King.
Examples of personal hardships – destroyed friendships, families broken apart, and colonists destroyed their own property to keep it from the British.
Examples of economic hardships – inflation, low tax income, shortages of goods, and profiteering.
Sybil Ludington – rode more than 40 miles to tell Americans of a British attack; "female Paul Revere".
Deborah Sampson – dressed in men’s clothes and pretended to be a man so she could fight during the war.
Why did African Americans fight in the Revolutionary War? Many enslaved people were promised their freedom in exchange for fighting.
Compare the Continental Army and the British Army:
- Continental Army – smaller number of soldiers, most soldiers had no military training, limited supplies, motivated because they were fighting for their home and freedom.
- British Army – most powerful army in the world, trained soldiers, better supplies, mercenaries.
Battle of Trenton – Washington and the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night and surprised the Hessian mercenaries; victory gave American soldiers hope.
Battle of Saratoga – American victory that lifted morale and gave the Continental Army British cannons and supplies; Turning point in the war because it began to look as if the Americans might have a chance to win the war and other countries agreed to support America.
Valley Forge – location of camp for the Continental Army during a hard winter; there was limited money, food, and supplies, but the arrival of volunteers from other countries helped boost morale.
Marquis de Lafayette – French soldier who was inspired by American ideals; spent his own money on warm clothing for American soldiers.
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben – German soldier who taught American soldiers better ways to march, fight, and work together which made the Continental soldiers a stronger force.
Primary Sources – records and artifacts made by the people who took part in or saw an event; gives a direct link to a past event. Examples: journal, letter, poem, photograph, or personal item.
Secondary Sources – records of an event made by someone who was not there at the time. Examples: history book, reenactments.
Nathan Hale – teacher and American spy; known for his statement, "I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
John Paul Jones – American navy commander; known for his statement, "I have not yet begun to fight."
Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley – known as Molly Pitcher because she carried water to American troops during the Battle of Monmouth; also took her husband’s place loading cannons when he was injured.
Benedict Arnold – former Continental Army officer that joined the British; known as a traitor.
Battle of Cowpens – major victory for the Americans because it proved they could defeat the British in the South.
Battle of Yorktown – Americans and French circled around the British with ships and soldiers and trapped the British on Chesapeake Bay; the British were attacked by land and sea for three weeks before General Cornwallis surrendered; last major battle of the war.
General Cornwallis – British general that surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown.
Treaty of Paris – officially ended the Revolutionary War and recognized the United States as an independent nation.
What were the boundaries of the United States after the American Revolution? The U.S. reached from Georgia in the south to the Great Lakes in the north and from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Mississippi River in the west.
What changed the way some people viewed slavery? The Declaration of Independence.
How did Congress pay some of the debts from the American Revolution? Congress gave and sold land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River to soldiers, settlers, and companies.
Northwest Ordinance – organized the government of the Northwest Territory and eventual formation of states.