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Fifth Grade Social Studies

Chapter 5 Thirteen Colonies Study Guide

www.quizlet.com Young Fifth Grade Thirteen Colonies

How were the Pilgrims and the Puritans different? The Pilgrims did not want to belong to the Church of England. The Puritans did not want to break away from the Church of England however they wanted to change the church to make it more "pure".

John Winthrop – governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; kept strict control over life in the colony and did not welcome people whose beliefs differed from the Puritan beliefs.

Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson – wanted the Puritan church separate from the government; forced to leave Massachusetts; formed their own settlements which later joined to form the Rhode Island Colony.

What was the main reason conflicts arose between Native Americans and colonists? Land.

What was the center of life in the New England Colonies? Religion.

What rules were put in place by England for the New England Colonies regarding trade? Exports could only be sent to other English colonies or England and colonists could only buy imports that came from England.

Triangular Trade Routes – trade routes across the Atlantic Ocean that connected the English colonies, England, the West Indies, and the west coast of Africa.

Middle Passage – journey that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa to the English colonies.

Quakers – religious group that sought refuge in New Jersey; believed all people were equal; refused to fight in wars because they believed in nonviolence.

William Penn – proprietor of Pennsylvania Colony and Delaware Colony; wanted people of different religions to live together peacefully and to treat Native Americans fairly.

Great Awakening – religious movement that began in the Middle Colonies; changed the way many people practiced their religion and led to increased religious toleration; everyone was welcome at church services including the poor, women, and enslaved people.

Philadelphia – biggest city in the colonies.

Why were the Middle Colonies called the "Breadbasket Colonies"? Wheat, corn, and rye were the main crops and are used to make bread.

Primary Sources – records and artifacts made by the people who took part in or saw an event; gives a direct link to a past event. Examples: journal, letter, poem, photograph, or personal item. (Be able to give one example)

Secondary Sources – records of an event made by someone who was not there at the time. Examples: history book, reenactments. (Be able to give one example)

Cecilius Calvert – also known as Lord Baltimore; proprietor of the Maryland Colony; created a refuge for Catholics because Catholics in England could not worship as they liked.

Toleration Act – Maryland law that gave religious freedom to ALL Christians.

Lords Proprietors – eight leaders that established the Carolina Colony which was later divided into North Carolina and South Carolina.

James Oglethorpe – started the Georgia Colony; wanted people who had been put in prison for owing money to settle the land.

Why did the Southern Colonies rely on slavery? The Southern Colonies depended on cash crops grown on plantations. Southern planters wanted to make their fields as large as possible because the more crops they grew, the more money they made. Southern planters HAD to have slaves to get the work done.